Ingeniería Agrícola y Biosistemas Volume 8, issue 1, - 2016 Electronic ISSN: 2007-4026
Print ISSN: 2007-3925

 

Vol.8, núm.1 - 2016
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Response of surface-irrigated corn to regulated deficit irrigation

Respuesta del maíz regado por gravedad al riego deficitario controlado

Cándido Mendoza-Pérez; Ernesto Sifuentes-Ibarra; Waldo Ojeda-Bustamante; Jaime Macías-Cervantes

http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.inagbi.2016.03.001

Received: 2016-03-28

Accepted: 2016-06-17

Available online: 2016-06-30 /pág.29-40

 

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  • descriptionAbstract

    Corn is the basic input of the Mexican diet. It is grown in one-third of the country, with Sinaloa being the leading producer of irrigated corn in Mexico, mainly by surface irrigation. It has become increasingly urgent to optimize the use of water due to competition from non-agricultural sectors for water resources, as well as the high spatial and temporal variability of annual volumes available for irrigation, . An alternative in dry years is to apply regulated deficit irrigation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate this technique in surface-irrigated corn, with three deficit treatments and a control, to which the water requirement demanded by the crop was applied. The water deficit levels applied were: 10, 20, 30 and 0 %, for T1, T2, T3 and C (control), respectively. An irrigation scheduling system based on the concept of degree days was used. The effect of water deficit levels was evaluated in terms of application efficiency, water productivity and yield. The treatment with the highest deficit generated the best application efficiency and water productivity. Yields were statistically similar in the treatments and the control. Results indicated that using the deficit irrigation technique is a viable option in critical water availability conditions, by having a reduced effect on yields obtained in relation to conventional methods.

    Keyworks: furrow irrigation, efficiency in water use, water deficit, drought

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  • starCite article

    Mendoza-Pérez, C., Sifuentes-Ibarra, E., Ojeda-Bustamante, W., &  Macías-Cervantes, J. (2016).  Response of surface-irrigated corn to regulated deficit irrigation. , 8(1), 29-40. http://dx.doi.org/10.5154/r.inagbi.2016.03.001